University of Nottingham staff who are Visiting Research Associates at the British Geological Survey

School of Biosciences

Abida Usman is a PhD student within the Centre for Environmental Geochemistry (School of Biosciences), jointly funded by UoN-BGS, working on source apportionment of urban contaminants.

Ahmed Ashry Abdelaal Abdallah Abdelaal is a PhD student within the Centre for Environmental Geochemistry (School of Biosciences) and a BGS case student working on understanding methods for remediation of uranium contaminated soil and water.

Dr Liz Bailey is a specialist in environmental geochemistry at the School of Biosciences in the University of Nottingham and works on urban risk assessment, soil iodine and selenium geochemistry, dynamics of uranium, thorium and heavy metals and Global Food Security.

Professor Martin Broadley's research interests are in the area of plant mineral nutrition. At an applied level, his research seeks to underpin improvements in the nutritional quality (biofortification) and nutrient-use efficiency of crops using agronomic and/or genetic approaches. This work is currently focused on the elements calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), selenium (Se) and zinc (Zn) and includes collaborations with geochemists, soil scientists, and human and animal nutritionists.

Professor Neil Crout is the Head of the School of Biosciences. His work is in the development and application of simulation models of environmental and agricultural systems. His work is highly collaborative with a close integration between modelling and experimental/observational work. Current and recent research projects in association with the BGS have modelled the bioavailability of iodine in soils.

Elliott Hamilton is a part time PhD student (School of Biosciences) and member of BGS staff within the Centre for Environmental Geochemistry and is working on understanding the bioavailability of chromium from African soils near mine waste dumps and implications for staple crops.

Olivier Humphrey is a PhD student within the Centre for Environmental Geochemistry (School of Biosciences and BGS). Olivier's research project aims to improve our understanding of soil-iodine dynamics and iodine bioavailability to plants.

Dr Edward Joy is a Research Fellow in Nutrition and Sustainability at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine. His research interests include soil-agriculture-nutrition linkages including the transfer of mineral micronutrients such as selenium and zinc.

Diriba Kumssa is a PhD student within the Centre for Environmental Geochemistry (School of Biosciences) at Sutton Bonington and Crops For the Future Research Centre (Kuala Lumpur), co-supervised by BGS, working on the role of underutilized crops in alleviating hidden hunger, and the opportunities for agricultural diversification in Malaysia.

Dr Barry Lomax’s research is focused on quantifying how the Earth's climate has changed over geologic time, how these changes have influenced the Earth's terrestrial biosphere and how in turn the Earth's terrestrial biosphere has influenced climate. Particular interests include palaeopolyploidy and plant genome size over geological time, plant responses to CO2, and sporopollenin chemistry as a palaeoclimate proxy.

John Stubberfield is a PhD student within the Centre for Environmental Geochemistry (School of Biosciences), James Hutton Institute (Aberdeen) and co-supervised by BGS, working on understanding the trade-offs between risks and benefits associated with grow-your-own in urban areas.

Dr Scott Young's major interest is in trace element, heavy metal and radionuclide dynamics in soils. Current and recent research projects in association with the BGS have measured and modelled metal solubility and adsorption in soils, bioavailability of iodine and selenium as vital trace elements, crop biofortification and fixation of radionuclides in soils.

Faculty of Engineering

Professor Colin Snape, Director of Energy Technologies Research Institute, Faculty of Engineering, University of Nottingham. Professor Snape has been involved in fuel science and technology for over 30 years. His research interests have embraced many aspects of fossil fuel and biomass characterisation and use, together with organic geochemistry where he has developed new pyrolysis techniques to aid oil exploration and shale gas assessment. He currently leads the EPSRC Engineering Doctorate (EngD) Centre in fossil energy and CO2 capture technologies, which is the UK focal point for PhD training in this field. Colin is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh and recipient of the Henry H. Storch Award in 2006 from the American Chemical Society for lifelong achievement in fuel science. He has served as Editorial Board member for Energy & Fuels, Fuel, Organic Geochemistry and was the Chair for the 2007 International Conference on Coal Science & Technology. The collaboration between Professor Snape and BGS staff will initially focus around developing improved procedures for assessing the UK shale gas reserve.

Pat Whitelaw is a PhD student within the Centre for Environmental Geochemistry (Faculty of Engineering and BGS) working on methods to improve estimation of the UK shale gas reserve.

School of Geography

Dr Kara Bogus is an organic geochemist and her research interests are in formation and alteration of marine kerogen; organic matter diagenesis and preservation; geochemical composition of organic microfossils and sources of variability; development of organic microfossil composition as a kerogen proxy. Kara will be working with Sev Kender, Melanie Leng and Simon Chenery on reconstructing Bay of Bengal palaeoceanography since the Miocene.

Rowan Dejardin is a PhD student within the Centre for Environmental Geochemistry (School of Geography) and a BGS case student working on understanding past variations in the Antarctic Circumpolar Current and its impact on South Georgia ice sheet extent over the Holocene.

Dr Stefan Engels is a Research Fellow within the Centre for Environmental Geochemistry, School of Geography, University of Nottingham. Stefan’s research aims are to better understand natural and anthropogenic processes that drive environmental change in the recent past through materials deposited in lake sediments. In his current project Stefan combines classic palaeoecological proxies and novel geochemical techniques to investigate recent human impacts (including pollution, land development, invasive species, hydrological modification and climate change) on Asian lakes and wetlands. His fellowship is in conjunction with Dr Suzanne McGown (UoN Malaysia Campus) and Prof Melanie Leng (UoN and BGS) amongst others.

Dr Matt Jones' research interests are based around reconstructing climate variability from lake sediments, particularly using physical and chemical proxies of change and understanding the controls on these proxies. Current and recent projects in association with BGS include stable isotope systematics of lakes through monitoring and modelling recent records of stable isotope change in lake systems; climate change in the Eastern Mediterranean, in particular in Iran, Jordan and Turkey and understanding the interactions between people and their hydro-environment through the late Quaternary; Holocene climate change in Mexico using high resolution records of chemical change in lake sediments. Matt undertook his MSc and PhD research in association with the stable isotope laboratory at BGS.

Dr Sev Kender is a Research Fellow within the School of Geography and Honorary Researcher with the BGS. Sev is interested in the changes to Earth's climate and oceanography through the Phanerozoic, how these changes have been influenced by orbital, tectonic and volcanic variations, and how these impacted marine and terrestrial life. His research has largely focused on microfossil, isotopic, and sedimentological evidence preserved in marine sediment cores to understand environmental and climatic changes across major climate transitions. These include carbon isotope excursions from the Jurassic and Palaeogene, ice sheet expansions during the Eocene-Oligocene transition, the middle Miocene climate transition, and the mid-Pleistocene transition, and Antarctic environmental changes during the de-glacial.

Jack Lacey is a PhD student within the Centre for Environmental Geochemistry (School of Geography) and a BGS case student, working on high-resolution Late Glacial to Holocene records of environmental change in the Mediterranean.

Dr Suzanne McGowan works on integrating aquatic ecology and palaeolimnology with specific expertise in analysis of chlorophyll and carotenoid pigments. Her research interests include investigating how atmospheric pollutants and changes in terrestrial carbon flux influence the ecology of montane and high latitude lakes in West Greenland and the UK. She has also worked extensively on lake eutrophication, examining linkages between nutrients, hydrology and ecosystem structure in the UK, Denmark, North American Prairies and the Canadian subarctic. Current work is examining nutrient enrichment in Lake Baikal using silicon and carbon isotopes with the isotope laboratory at BGS. She has a developing interest in mangrove palaeoecology in collaboration with the organic geochemistry laboratory at BGS.

Professor Sarah Metcalfe is a physical geographer with interests in climate change and air pollution. She is particularly interested in climate change in low latitudes, especially the monsoon regions, working on reconstructing climate and its impacts over a range of timescales using lake sediment cores and diatom and isotope data, the latter in collaboration with the stable isotope laboratory at BGS. She also works on modelling of air pollution (especially sulphur, nitrogen, particulates and ozone) across the UK looking at source attribution, the effects of changes in emissions and climate and the importance of uncertainty in model inputs and parameterisations. Sarah has been a VRA with BGS for more than a decade and has previously chaired the NERC Isotope Geosciences Facility Steering Committee.

Dr Virginia Panizzo from the School of Geography, University of Nottingham, has been appointed as a Visiting Research Associate (VRA) with the British Geological Survey (BGS). Ginnie has recently been appointed as an Anne McLaren Fellow at UoN (from April 2015), and she will be researching into global budgets of silicon cycling, by providing the first estimates of its sources, sinks and fluxes in coastal mangrove systems. Silicon acts as the building blocks for primary algal productivity and, as a result, has a strong control on global carbon cycles and the inventory of CO2 in the atmosphere. The implications of this research are crucial for the mitigation of future climate change and builds on Ginnie’s previous Si cycling research. Her Fellowship is in conjunction with Dr Matthew Horstwood and Dr Christopher Vane (both BGS), Dr Barry Lomax UoN, Dr Suzanne McGowan (UoN Malaysia Campus) and Prof Rozainah Zakaria and Prof Chong Ving Ching (University of Malaysia).

Sarah Roberts is a PhD student from the School of Geography, University of Nottingham working inpart within the Centre for Environmental Geochemistry. Sarah’s project involves working on contemporary limnological and sedimentary analyses to investigate anthropogenic changes in nutrient fluxes at Lake Baikal, Siberia.

Mark Stevenson is a PhD student within the Centre for Environmental Geochemistry (School of Geography), funded by a NERC/ESRC studentship, working on reconstructing carbon cycling over the Holocene in Arctic lake sediments from Disko Island, West Greenland.

Dr George Swann works on reconstructing past environmental changes from marine and lake sediment cores in association with the isotope laboratory at BGS. George has current projects in association with BGS on developing and applying diatom isotopes in environmental reconstructions; investigating Quaternary changes in meltwater influx; reconstructing Pliocene palaeoceanography during the onset of major Northern Hemisphere Glaciation and reconstructing the Quaternary/Pliocene climatic and environmental history of lacustrine systems in Siberia. George had previously held an isotope apprenticeship and NERC Fellowship at BGS before he moved to Nottingham.

Savannah Worne is a PhD student within the Centre for Environmental Geochemistry (School of Geography) and a BGS case student working on understanding Bering Sea oceanographic controls (for example sea ice extent) on the Milankovitch orbital cycle climatic shift in the middle Pleistocene, and potential teleconnections with North Atlantic ice sheet instability and growth through this period.

Department of Archaeology

Prof Julian Henderson’s research interests include understand the sources and roles of geological and environmental materials such as sand, plants or clays in the production and trade of ancient materials including glass and pottery and investigating the impact of ancient mining and material production on the environment both in the past and in the present. Julian works closely with Prof Jane Evans and Dr Simon Chenery at the BGS.

Dr Naomi Sykes research interests include the use of isotopes in zooarchaeology applications. Naomi works closely with Dr Angela Lamb and Prof Jane Evans on a variety of isotope-based projects including the recently awarded AHRC grant: Changing Scientific and Cultural Perspectives on Human-Chicken Interactions and the AHRC- funded Fallow Deer Project which aims to reconstruct the cultural significance of this species' diffusion across Europe.

Dr Holly Miller's research interests include the use of isotopes in archaeological faunal material and is currently a research fellow on an AHRC Fallow Deer Project which aims to facilitate the integration of archaeology, history, geography and anthropology along with genetics and osteological research to examine the circumstances and cultural significance of this species' diffusion across Europe. Holly's other interests include lithic (chipped stone) analysis; prehistory of the Near East; origins of nomadic pastoralism in the Southern Levant; material culture of the Near East; the development of lithic technologies, beads and personal adornment and bead technology.